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Psychology of Gaming

As any person under the age of 25 would probably testify, gaming is a big part of today’s lifestyle. For a lot of people, gaming is an agent of socialisation; for others, it’s a convenient past time; and for most, it is both.

Gaming has also been extensively talked about in relation to behaviour and cognition. In this Crash Course video, Andre Meadows explores the psychology of gaming-

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The Delhi Metro Women’s Only Compartment (and why it’s as much a class issue as it is a gender one)

One of the many things constantly brought up when we talk about gender equality in India is the Delhi Metro’s ladies-only compartment. Most people use this as evidence of the so-called “female privilege”, claiming that since women enjoy an entire compartment to themselves, they are obviously empowered enough and in no need of any more efforts to that effect. The worst part is when these comments come from upper middle-class women, who say that since they have never faced any circumstances under which they would require a separate compartment for traveling, obviously no woman needs it.
This argument is clearly classist. The people who claim that women are in no need of a separate compartment do not travel at peak times in the metro, on the rare occasions that they do so at all. When they travel and claim that the women’s compartment goes practically empty, they forget that so do the others because of the simple reason that at those times most people are already at their places of work.
Most lower middle-class women can not afford personal means of transport, and in a country where just 15% of urban women work outside the home, it is important that we make roughly half our population more financially independent. These women need to be safe when they step put of the home to go to work, or else they simply won’t.
Financial dependence leads to a host of issues, the most prominent one being women staying in abusive marriages for fear of becoming absolutely helpless. Moreover, economically weaker women are much less likely to speak up against instances of eve teasing and sexual harassment.
The women who feel comfortable and safe enough to travel in the general compartment should definitely do so. In the end, the only way public places will be safer for women is by having more women in those places. However, just because some people have somehow, mostly via privilege, avoided potentially dangerous situations their entire lives does not mean that they get to comment on the apparent frivolity of a much needed safe space.
Segregation via the ladies’ metro compartment is not a long term solution to gender equality and should not be played off as such; it is, however, a short-term solution to bringing more women into the paid workforce, something we require not only for a better economy but also for a fairer society.

WHY NOT TO BEAT STRESS

Stress is, much like exams and homework on weekends, that annoying thing you encounter periodically no matter how much you wish you didn’t have to. As if the sheer inconvenience of frequent headaches and dizziness wasn’t enough, stress has even been linked to chronic heart diseases and digestive problems. But of course, ill effects of stress are nothing most of us don’t already know; after all, newspapers and television channels appear to take certain pride in reminding us of these as often as they can.

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However, it might just be that stress isn’t as bad for us as we have been led to believe- at least in certain circumstances. In her TED Talk, Kelly McGonigal references three studies that show that stress might actually be good for you- as long as you believe that it is. Each of these studies reveals one of the three things given below, so read on and be on your way to a healthier lifestyle, stress in tow-

  • Think differently: No, we don’t mean it in the “think outside the box to solve every problem” way. We mean it in the “if you think something is bad, it will be bad” way. Research shows that the perception that stress is bad for you coupled with stress is worse than just stress. Long story short? Stressing about stress is not good. Who would’ve thought. 🙂
  • Talk about it: Remember that old saying, something along the lines of “difficulty divided is difficulty reduced? Guess what, it actually works. Turns out, talking about the cause of stress actually helps lessen its ill effects. Socializing releases a neat little hormone called oxytocin that’s simply overall good for you. So go grab your best friend, warn them about the oncoming flood of emotions, and start talking. If you can do that while helping them get over some things too, even better.
  • Believe in it: Much like that boring maths book, stress can’t help you unless you believe it can. Apparently, treating common stress responses as a positive might even be literally good for the heart. Simply believing that stress is good [Eustress] for you and whatever it is you’re stressing about can change how your blood vessels react to it. From their usual constricting under the pressure, they can actually expand, allowing better blood flow and improving overall health.

The conclusion? While you should definitely not go out looking for stress in an attempt to get that lovely glow on your face, maybe it’s time we start breaking down the negative feelings associated with it. Even if we don’t yet consider stress as a good thing, we can definitely stop seeing it as a bad one.

-DevyaniGoel

Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Today’s world is dramatically changing is all respects, right from cultures and traditions, to education and learning patterns. Along with these, people’s notion of ‘Intelligence’ is fortunately changing for the good. We all know the way intelligence is used by the masses just to describe scholastic talents and achievements.

To prove that intelligence is not only governed by cognitive factors, Howard Gardner, an American psychologist brought about an impactful research work that resulted in new theories, one of which is the multiple intelligences theory, developed in 1983.

Howard Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences. These multiple intelligences can be strengthened, or ignored and weakened.

The theory of multiple intelligences challenges the idea of a single IQ, where human beings have one central “computer” where intelligence is housed. Howard Gardner, the Harvard professor who originally proposed the theory, says that there are multiple types of human intelligence, each representing different ways of processing information.

  • Verbal-linguistic intelligence refers to an individual’s ability to analyze information and produce work that involves oral and written language, such as speeches, books, and emails.

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  • Logical-mathematical intelligence describes the ability to develop equations and proofs, make calculations, and solve abstract problems.

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  • Visual-spatial intelligence allows people to comprehend maps and other types of graphical information.

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  • Musical intelligence enables individuals to produce and make meaning of different types of sound.

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  • Naturalistic intelligence refers to the ability to identify and distinguish among different types of plants, animals, and weather formations found in the natural world.

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  • Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence entails using one’s own body to create products or solve problems.

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  • Interpersonal intelligence reflects an ability to recognize and understand other people’s moods, desires, motivations, and intentions.

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  • Intrapersonal intelligence refers to people’s ability to recognize and assess those same characteristics within themselves.

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Find out your dominant intelligence at the link given below:

http://www.businessballs.com/freematerialsinexcel/free_multiple_intelligences_test.xls

This article is written by Jagriti Bhardwaj and illustration is by Nitya Sehgal.

Be a Man of Value

“Try not to be a man of success but a man of value.”

You must have heard this famous quote by Albert Einstein. It refers to a person whose drive is to better himself and everyone around him.

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When you see yourself five years down the line, do you see yourself as a successful person? Or as someone who is unsuccessful? We conjure images of expensive cars, luxurious homes and money in the Bank: these are the images that we have accepted as success due to notion that is portrayed by our societies.

But look at it the other way. Becoming successful is a part of the bigger picture. The dictionary defines this word as someone who succeeds. But succeeds at what? Whenever we reach our goals we set new ones to achieve a better lifestyle. So now how can you say you are successful if you are yet to succeed in new goals in life? The answer to this was framed by Einstein decades ago through his quote.

Becoming valuable means that first you are of value to your own existence and second you are of value to the existence of others. Sharing your success and what you have learnt in life will increase your value. Valuable people are the successful ones.

We just learnt the key problems with success. So chasing it is simply meaningless. Therefore, you need to focus on excellence – how you can get better at what you are best at? You must have seen the movie ‘3 idiots’ and heard Amir Khan’s dialogue ‘Seek excellence, success will follow’. So once you excel at something you become valuable and achieve success. So increase your knowledge, try to go beyond your bookish knowledge and observe your surroundings.

Don’t mug up during exams. Understanding the concept will lead to effective learning. And last thing to focus on is your self confidence. Don’t be hesitant in following your instincts and dreams. Fearing the future won’t take you anywhere. So target you self confidence.

Ultimately success is a journey and not a destination. We never reach it; we just pass by it so enjoy the journey. Be confident. Forget the outcome and play it out!

This article is written by MAJIDA MUZAFFAR.

 

To anger or not to anger

Iss duniya mein do Tarah ke log hote hai, ek vo jo chilla chilla Kar gussa Karte hai jaise ki BOSS aur ek vo, jo Andar hi Andar gussa kre jaise ek bechaara EMPLOYEE. (There are two types of people in this world, first are those who shout out to express anger like the boss and second are those who keep their anger within themselves like an employee). There is a third category too but very few of this exist. This includes those who have the extraordinary ability to just divert from the thought and indulge in a productive task.

According to common sense, it’s best to express our anger. But common sense is deceptive. According to research studies, it’s best to think positive. But Optimism isn’t easy to come by. And living in the 21st century, you sure don’t have time to do so. So let’s just accept that anger is always going to be there.

No. Wait. How about try and understand why we get angry? Don’t worry, this theory is accepted by both common sense and Science.

When conflicts in choice arises, we feel frustrated in choosing the best option. Conflict leads to innumerable repetitive thoughts and then the complicated thoughts from our little brain turn into frustration which finally results in anger.

Let’s try and find how to control this anger. Positivity isn’t easy. But it’s the best option. So try 🙂

  • Have a perceptual motive. Understand people’s perception and their side of story. Never try to jump to conclusions. It results to misunderstandings and finally breaks relations.
  • Indulge in activities you love. Listen to music, dance, watch GoT or read.

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  • Learn from experiences. Experiences shape who we are. So learn. Don’t forget. I know humans are meant to make thousands of mistakes but learn okay? Why always experience shocks and then learn?( Like my mom says- jab tak jhatka nahi Lagega na, tab tak samajh mein nahi aati.)
  • Lastly, Be self aware. Have faith. Believe in yourself.

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Also, live today but never forget tomorrow exists. Love yourself and your life because it belongs to you and nobody else.

This article is written by Himangi Bhawsingka.

Gender Roles in our Society

It is a strange occurrence that many parents seek to discipline their children by imposing incredibly random gender-specific rules. If a boy falls down, hurts himself and cries, the parent immediately responds with, ‘Shhh, strong boys don’t cry’. A girl sitting in a posture that she finds comfortable is told to cross her legs and sit properly, because she is currently ‘sitting like a boy’.  Someone who is nervous is told to ‘man up’ while a poor sportsperson is told that they are ‘playing like a girl’.

Gender role refers to a range of behaviour considered ‘appropriate’ for a particular gender, regardless of personality differences and variations in character. Gender roles do not just divide behaviour, they divide the interests, clothes, toys and even job opportunities. Clear examples can be seen in the most widely used dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary. The usage example for ‘housework’ reinforces the idea that women are the ones who take on the bulk of housekeeping, reading: ‘she still does all the housework.’Meanwhile, words like ‘doctor’ and ‘research’ used only male-focused examples, while ‘nurse’ uses a female-featuring example.

Gender roles are seen when toy shops are divided into ‘girl and boy’ sections, with the girls’ section featuring a plethora of pink, frills and dolls while the boys’ section seeks to emphasize their toughness and future manliness by having cars and mechanic sets. A child who does not identify with the toys their biologically-divided toy shop tries to sell them ends up being confused about their gender identity and having a feeling of being weird, unusual and ostracized. Toys are the basic interactive objects that babies play with, leading to the development of sensory and motor skills. It is time we stop limiting children’s interests by promoting some toys and books as only suitable for girls, and others only for boys.

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Even colours and clothes are not left untainted. My brother uses moisturizer from a black tube that says ‘for men’ on it while I use a ‘enhanced with cocoa-butter for female skin’ emblazoned, pink-bottles moisturizer. Baby clothes generally come in pink for girls and blue for boys.

Media too plays an important role in confirming or breaking stereotypes. My favourite example is Disney. Older Disney movies like Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Little Mermaid etc. show a common phenomenon of the ‘damsel in distress’, along with setting unrealistic body standards for both girls and boys. All the princes had to rescue the princesses, while the Little Mermaid and Cinderella made unrealistic sacrifices for men they had met ONCE. The dwarves are portrayed as unhygienic, lazy and incompetent at housework until Snow White comes and changes them. Newer Disney characters, like Else, Mulan, Kristoff, Merida and Rapunzel display the growing awareness that pushing of gender-specific roles into kids’ movies ends up harming them.

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It is important to let children be what they want to be, who they want to be, how they want to be (as long as it is safe, healthy and keeps them happy – because really, that’s all that matters). Try to avoid judging people or putting them into gender-based boxes. No gender ‘belongs’ anywhere; it is all based on personal choices. If a woman wants to be a housewife, that is her choice, but if a man wanting to be a stay-at-home husband (househusband?) is ridiculed, that is oppression by gender roles.

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So here’s to that aunty who told me that the bruises on my legs made me look ‘unladylike’, here’s to all those coaches who tell their girl students to try to ‘play like a boy’, and a shout out to boys who are forced to be aggressive and girls who are obligated to be gentle. Boys shouldn’t have to give up their seats to a perfectly healthy person just because she is a girl (chivalry?) and girls shouldn’t have to abstain from sports or other activities just because they are ‘not girly’. And both should really learn how to cook, because crying sexism or feminism, or misogyny or misandry is not going to help you if you’re hungry.

This article is written by Ria Chopra.

Colour psychology

As an adult, ghar, paisa, and roti are the three most important things in our lives but as a student, it is learning, memorizing and remembering, because these are the key ingredients for a warmly-welcomed report card and a lot of smiling faces. Let’s admit it, we all have screamed in our rooms, whined and cried out “Mummmyy”, banged our heads into the books, trying to learn those never-ending chapters and topics which seemed to be written in languages unheard of.

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Color psychology is a relatively new field in the stream of psychology which is gaining importance worldwide. One of its aims is to relate the colors to the thoughts they evoke and apply it in every day teaching-learning methodology. It has increased learning among students from 55% to 78%, according to a research. Here are some tricks to make your despised learning process a bit more vivid and easier:

  1. While going through the lengthy and dreary chapters, use a highlighter to mark the points to be remembered, preferably a yellow one, as the color yellow stimulates mental activity. Keep in mind that it should not be overused, because it is also the most fatiguing color to the eye which causes frustration and anger.
  1. While making notes for revision, use pens of different colors, as it is visually appealing and also holds a person’s attention for a longer span of time. Which colors? Make a rainbow! Just keep altering it.

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  1. Choose warm colors like red, orange and yellow to write the key-terms in your notes as they are related to high energy and instantly draw eyes towards it, as opposed to the cool colors like green, blue and violet, which aren’t easy to focus upon.
  1. While studying for long hours, always pick a room with blue or green walls as they are calm, serene and relieve stress. A stress free mind is always open to new learning.

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  1. If you intend to write creative writings, use a purple/blue pen to write, as it prompts creative output twice as much as warm colors. It also helps in brainstorming.
  1. Finally, a Grandma taboo. Don’t look at the color red prior to your exam, as it is proved to have a negative impact on your test performance.

These simple techniques will surely improve your learning process, thanks to the col-our savoir!

This article is written by Akshita Shreya.

 

How To Deal With A Bad Mood

Teenagers nowadays are more prone to bad moods and feelings than the adults might realize. The `Generation Me` is so susceptible to suffer from anxiety, depression and stress related conditions that the numbers are alarming. Adolescents report that they feel lonely, socially isolated, emotionally numb, drained out and has unstable mood swings than in the past decades.

Many factors could come into play, like hormonal changes, shifts in personalities, identity formation, difficult life events,  career aspirations and disturbed interpersonal relationships etc. Teens might not realize how to identify and cope with these emotions, it can lead to more morose things like:

  • Substance abuse under peer pressure drunk-624745_960_720
  • Acts of aggression i.e road rage, vandalism etc.
  • Poor concentration in academics
  • Absconding
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Emotional outburst
  • Extreme sensitivity to rejection or failure
  • Changes in diet and sleeping pattern

It`s always better to curb the bad mood at the earliest, so that it doesn’t turn into a psychological disorder. Here are some things you can do to cheer yourself up:

1) Accept Your Feelings: Accepting your feelings and avoiding denial is probably one of the most important things to do at that point, because you have to know what you’re feeling isn’t wrong, its natural.

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2) Clear Your Head: Avoid thinking about things that are bothering you and intensifying negative thoughts until you are composed enough to deal with them rationally. This can take hours, or weeks. Depending on the severity, really. But its worth a shot.

3) Do Not Engage In Negative Self Talk: Discouraging yourself during a bad mood is one of the worst things you can do to yourself. Instead, think about the positives and try to look at the silver lining of the situation. Every situation HAS a positive side.

4) Talk About It (This is an old one):  Talking to a trusted adult always helps, have a good support system around you so that in times of need you have somebody to share your problemsAvoid talking about it with the wrong people. You’ll have to face irrational behavior and invalidation of your completely valid feelings.

5) Do something creative: Doodling,drawing, painting and writing during or post a bad mood can actually be very helpful, because your anger might bring out a side of you which you might not have known you have. And writing/drawing acts as a vent-out system, which in turn helps your mind to suppress the feelings. Sports is also a great way to overcome bad mood swings.

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6) Get A Coloring Book: Seeing kids with coloring books and reminiscing on the days when the homework used to be just that. Since no one is stopping you, buy yourself a coloring book and color your way through the bad mood. Its very therapeutic.

7) Listen To Music: Music is something one can enjoy any time of day, except when it’s 3:00 am and you have to study for an exam and someone is blasting Honey Singh outside. But other than that, listening to music that you can relate to at that point in time is extremely helpful and soon enough you’ll find yourself nodding along to the song you almost always skip.

8)Lastly, Sleep It Off: The best thing to do if your anger or bad moods are persisting, is sleep it off. You’ll find that when you wake up, your mood will have gotten better and that you’re now able to think things out rationally.

A bad mood, if persists may lead to life-threatening  conditions. Teens will not seek help themselves, it becomes our responsibility to inform a parent or guardian who is better equipped to deal with such problems.

This article is written by Gauri Srinivas.

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